The “where” element usually consists of the name of a publisher and a DOI when available.
a. One author:
Smith, F. (1978). Reading. Cambridge University Press.
b. One author – with DOI:
Brown, L. S. (2018). Feminist therapy. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10/1037/0000092-000.
c. Two authors:
Fromkin, V. & Rodman, R. (1983). An introduction to language. Holt-Saunders.
d. More than two authors:
Barr, P., Clegg, J. & Wallace, C. (1981). Advanced reading skills. Longman.
e. Edited collections:
Kinsella, V. (Ed.). (1978). Language teaching and linguistics: Surveys. Cambridge University Press.
Oller, J. W. & Richards, J. C. (Eds.). (1973). Focus on the learner. Newbury House.
f. Book, corporate author:
British Council Teaching Information Centre. (1978). Pre-sessional courses for overseas students. British Council.
g. Book, no author, or editor:
Longman dictionary of contemporary English. (1978). Longman.
The Times atlas of the world (5th ed.). (1975). New York Times.
h. Book, third edition:
Fromkin, V. & Rodman, R. (1983). An introduction to language (3rd ed.). Holt-Saunders.
i. Book, revised edition:
Cohen, J. (1977). Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences (rev. ed.). Plenum Press.
j. Non-English book:
Piaget, J. & Inhelder, B. (1951). La genése de l’idée de hasard chez l’enfant [The origin of the idea of danger in the child]. Presses Universitaires de France.
Huang, G. & Liu, H. (2008). Xinbian yingyongxiezuo jiaocheng [A new course on practical writing]. Higher Education Press.
k. English translation of a book:
Luria, A. R. (1969). The mind of a mnemonist (L. Solotaroff, Trans.). Avon Books. (Original work published 1965)
l. Books or articles, two or more by the same author in the same year:
Lyons, J. (1981a). Language and linguistics. Cambridge University Press.
Lyons, J. (1981b). Language, meaning and context. Fontana.
m. Self-published book:
McHai, B. (2013). Self-publishing for teachers. Author.